How to Become a Cybersecurity Analyst – A Complete Guide

In today’s digital age, cybersecurity is of utmost priority, and cybersecurity analysts play an essential role in protecting organizations from cyber threats. As a result, cybersecurity analysts are in high demand, with a projected 35% increase in job growth over the next 10 years. 

Cybersecurity analysis is a lucrative career field, with an average annual salary of around $89,500. With the right skills and dedication, you can have a fulfilling and rewarding career while contributing to a safer digital world. If you are interested in pursuing a career in cybersecurity, you must be wondering how to become a cybersecurity analyst.

Firstly, you need to understand a cybersecurity analyst’s responsibilities, which include identifying and responding to security threats, conducting vulnerability assessments, and implementing security measures. You should also possess the necessary skills, such as technical knowledge of networking and security protocols and strong analytical skills.

8 Major Duties and Responsibilities of a Cybersecurity Expert

As a cybersecurity analyst, your role is to protect an organization’s digital assets from cyber threats. This involves a variety of responsibilities, including:

Duties and Responsibilities of a Cybersecurity Expert
  1. Monitoring and analyzing network traffic and logs for potential security incidents.
  2. Conducting vulnerability assessments and penetration testing to identify potential weaknesses in systems and networks.
  3. Implementing and maintaining security controls, such as firewalls, intrusion detection and prevention systems, and antivirus software.
  4. Investigating security incidents and working to remediate any damage or potential harm to the organization.
  5. Developing and implementing security policies and procedures to ensure compliance with industry regulations and best practices.
  6. Keeping up-to-date with the latest security threats and trends and making recommendations for improvements to the organization’s security posture.
  7. Conducting security awareness training for employees to ensure they understand the importance of security and their role in maintaining it.
  8. Collaborating with other IT teams and departments to ensure security is integrated throughout the organization’s systems and processes.

The job requires a mixture of technical and analytical skills and strong communication and collaboration abilities. 

7 Steps to Become a Cybersecurity Analyst

Becoming a cybersecurity analyst can be a challenging yet rewarding career path. Cybersecurity analysts play a crucial role in protecting organizations from cyber threats and ensuring the security of their digital assets. Here is a seven-step guide on how to become a cybersecurity analyst:

Steps to Become a Cybersecurity Analyst

1. Learn Cybersecurity Fundamentals

The first step is to learn the fundamentals to become a cybersecurity expert. This includes understanding the different types of cyber threats, such as malware, phishing, and hacking. It is also important to learn about end-to-end encryption, firewalls, and other security measures that can be used to safeguard your information.

It’s crucial to understand the basics of information security, such as confidentiality, integrity, and availability. Confidentiality refers to protecting sensitive data from unauthorized access, integrity means maintaining the accuracy and consistency of data, and availability refers to ensuring that data is accessible when needed. 

Once you have a solid foundation in cybersecurity fundamentals, you can begin to explore more advanced topics such as cloud security, penetration testing, and incident response. 

2. Obtain A Certification 

Certifications are an excellent means of demonstrating your cybersecurity skills and knowledge. There are reliable cyber security courses and bootcamps offered by platforms such as Coursera, Udemy, and edX, ranging from entry-level to advanced levels. 

Some popular certification programs include Certified Information Systems Security Professional (CISSP), Certified Ethical Hacker (CEH), and CompTIA Security+. Upon completing the program, students receive a certificate they can showcase on LinkedIn to build credibility. 

These courses and bootcamps are often taught by industry experts and can be completed at your own pace, making them convenient for busy professionals.

3. Specialize in a Cybersecurity Field 

Once you have gained some experience in cybersecurity, it’s a good idea to specialize in a particular field. One popular specialization is Network Security. It protects computer networks from unauthorized access or attacks. Network security has become increasingly important as more businesses are moving online.

Another specialization is Cloud Security, more companies adopting cloud services, securing cloud environments has become a critical area of cybersecurity. Cloud security specialists focus on securing cloud infrastructure, data, and applications against cyber threats.

Specializing can help you stand out in a crowded job market and increase your earning potential. Therefore, researching different specializations and choosing one that aligns with your interests and career goals is essential.

4. Gain Relevant Experience

Hands-on cybersecurity experience is necessary to grow as a cybersecurity analyst professional. Participate in cyber security-related projects at work or through volunteer opportunities to gain experience. This can aid in the development of your portfolio, the demonstration of your skills, and the expansion of your network.

You can also consider contributing to open-source cybersecurity projects or creating your own. Moreover, practicing your skills in a virtual lab environment can also help you gain hands-on experience in cybersecurity. Virtual labs provide safe and realistic environments to test your skills, learn new techniques, and practice defending against simulated attacks.

5. Search for An Internship

Internships provide hands-on experience and the opportunity to work alongside experienced professionals. Online job boards and websites, such as Indeed, Glassdoor, or LinkedIn, are helpful in finding cybersecurity internships. Another way to find opportunities is by attending job fairs and industry events and joining professional organizations related to cybersecurity.

Additionally, many cybersecurity courses and bootcamps offer job placement assistance as part of their program. They may provide access to job boards, host networking events, or partner with companies looking to hire cybersecurity professionals. This can be a great option for those seeking experience and getting a foot in the industry’s door.

6. Staying Up-to-Date

The field of cybersecurity is constantly evolving, and staying up-to-date is critical as new threats emerge on a daily basis. To stay informed, consider subscribing to industry newsletters and news outlets such as Dark Reading, Krebs on Security, or Threatpost.

It’s also essential to stay informed about new tools and technologies that can help protect against emerging threats. You can participate in online communities and forums to discuss new tools and learn from other cybersecurity professionals.

7. Build a Professional Network

Building a professional network is a crucial path to becoming a Cybersecurity Analyst. Social media platforms like LinkedIn and Twitter can be powerful tools for building your network. Connecting with other professionals and sharing insights and information can build relationships leading to new opportunities and professional growth.

Another way to build your network is to join professional associations or groups such as the Information Systems Security Association (ISSA) or the International Association of Computer Security Professionals (IACSP). These organizations offer networking opportunities, training, and resources for cyber security analysts.

How To Become a Cybersecurity Analyst Without Any Experience?

You can do this through online courses, books, or even free resources like cybersecurity blogs and podcasts. Next, gain hands-on experience by participating in online capture-the-flag (CTF) competitions or joining cybersecurity communities where you can practice your skills and learn from others. 

More importantly, don’t be afraid to apply for internships and entry-level cybersecurity positions, even if you don’t have direct experience. Many companies are willing to train and develop talent if they show a strong interest and aptitude for the field.

What Qualifications Do I Need to Become a Cybersecurity Analyst?

Formal education is usually the first step toward becoming a cybersecurity analyst. Candidates with a bachelor’s degree in computer science, information technology, or a related field are preferred by the majority of employers. Online courses and bootcamps, in addition to formal education, can be beneficial for acquiring the necessary skills and knowledge.

Qualifications Required to Become a Cybersecurity Analyst

Many of these programs offer certifications upon completion, which can enhance a candidate’s resume and demonstrate their commitment to the field. One popular certification for cybersecurity professionals is the Certified Information Systems Security Professional (CISSP) certification. 

These certifications demonstrate a candidate’s expertise in areas such as security architecture and engineering, network security, and risk management. Other certifications that may be beneficial for cybersecurity analysts include CompTIA Security+, Certified Ethical Hacker (CEH), and GIAC Security Essentials (GSEC).

How to Become a Cyber Security Analyst – FAQs

Is It Hard to Become a Cyber Security Analyst?

Becoming a cybersecurity analyst requires dedication, hard work, and a willingness to learn continuously, but it is achievable. However, with the right mindset, resources, and support, anyone can develop the necessary skills to succeed as a cybersecurity analyst.

How Long Does It Take To Become a Cybersecurity Analyst?

Typically, it takes between 6 months and 2 years to gain a comprehensive understanding of cybersecurity. However, if you only require a basic understanding of the field, a six-month course might be sufficient.

How Do I Start a Career as a Cyber Security Analyst?

You can begin by learning the fundamentals of cybersecurity through online bootcamps, courses, and podcasts. Your focus must be on obtaining industry certifications. Finally, apply for entry-level positions and demonstrate your interest and willingness to learn.


This guide has provided a clear roadmap on becoming a cybersecurity analyst in seven simple steps. Whether you’re just starting out or seeking a career change, there are numerous opportunities for dedicated and hardworking people.

So, start exploring the different areas of cybersecurity and building your skills and knowledge. Take advantage of the resources available to you, such as the best cybersecurity bootcamps, internships, and industry certifications. With commitment and effort, you can become a cybersecurity analyst and make a meaningful contribution to the security of our digital world.