How to Become a Front End Developer – Step-by-Step Guide

Have you been thinking about starting a career in tech but feeling a bit overwhelmed by all the options out there? Let me tell you about one of the most exciting and in-demand fields in the tech industry: front end development.

Front end development is all about making websites and web applications look and feel amazing. It’s the process of creating the part of a website or app that users interact with, including design, layout, and user experience. So, if you’re a creative problem-solver with a passion for technology, front end development could be the perfect career path for you!

As you can imagine, the importance of front end development has skyrocketed in recent years. With a projected job growth rate of 13% and an average salary of $109,00 in the US, front end development is a lucrative option for those considering their employment prospects. 

In this guide, we’ll cover front end development definition, importance, role, responsibilities, and job opportunities. We’ll give you an in-depth overview of how to become a front end developer. So, are you ready to start your journey to a new and exciting career in tech? Let’s get started!

Who Is a Frontend Developer?

A front end developer is responsible for designing the appearance, feel, and interactivity of websites and web applications. They create the user interface that you and I see and interact with when we visit a website using a combination of HTML, CSS, and JavaScript.

What does a front end developer do?

Have you ever come across a website that is both visually appealing and simple to use? That is most likely due to the efforts of a front end developer! They structure the content on the page with HTML, style it with CSS to make it visually appealing, and add interactivity and make the site dynamic with JavaScript.

For example, when you hover your mouse over a button on a website, the color changes. This is most likely due to HTML and CSS.  

Front end developers must also ensure that their designs are usable by all users, regardless of device or screen size. This is referred to as cross-browser compatibility. It is a critical aspect of front end development, as is a performance optimization, whereby a  front end developer compresses images, minifies code, or employs other optimization techniques to ensure that the website loads quickly and smoothly.

8 Roles and Responsibilities of a Front end Developer

These are the typical roles and responsibilities of a front-end developer, but they may differ depending on the company, project, and team.

A front-end developer’s typical roles and responsibilities are as follows:

  1. Creating the user interface and experience of a website or application using HTML, CSS, and JavaScript.
  2. Ensure that the website or application looks the same in all web browsers.
  3. The developer must ensure that the website or application is optimized for viewing on various devices, such as smartphones, laptops, tablets, and desktops.
  4. In charge of creating simple code to understand, maintain, and scale.
  5. The website or application integrates with back-end systems and data. A front-end developer must collaborate closely with back-end developers.
  6. Create and keep detailed documentation of the website or application, including code, design, and functionality.
  7. Test and debug code to ensure the website or application works properly and meets the requirements.
  8. Collaborate with other developers on code reviews to ensure the code is high quality and meets industry standards.

5 Easy Steps to Become a Front End Developer

1. Learn HTML, CSS, and JavaScript

The foundation of becoming a front end developer is learning. To begin, you should learn the fundamentals of HTML, CSS, and JavaScript. This can be accomplished through the use of online courses, bootcamps, books, and tutorials. Then you can progress to more advanced topics like responsive design, JavaScript frameworks like React or Angular, and front end development tools like Git or npm.  

2. Gain Hands-on Experience

Gaining experience is an important step in your career as a front end developer. Internships, full-time jobs, freelance work, and even starting your own projects can help you achieve this. 

Networking is also an important part of gaining experience. Attending meetups or participating in online forums and communities can allow you to connect with and learn from other front end developers.

3. Building Your Portfolio

A well-designed and organized portfolio that showcases your best work is essential. Websites, applications, and other front end projects are examples of this. Your portfolio should demonstrate your understanding of HTML, CSS, JavaScript, and other technologies with which you have worked.

In addition, it’s recommended that you host your portfolio on a public platform such as GitHub, GitLab, or Bitbucket. This allows your portfolio to be easily accessible and shareable with potential employers and collaborators.  

4. Find an Entry-Level Front End Job

Once you’ve gained the necessary knowledge and experience, it’s time to start looking for a job as a Junior front end developer. Job opportunities can be found through job boards, networking, or directly through the companies, you want to work for. Some of the most reputable companies in the US that have a high demand for frontend developers include Deloitte, Amazon, Tesla, and IBM.  When applying for a job, tailor your resume and cover letter to the specific job requirements, emphasizing your relevant skills and experience.

5. Stay up to date

Front end development is an ever-changing field, with new technologies and trends emerging all the time. To stay ahead in the industry, it’s critical to stay current and constantly learn new skills. This can be accomplished by attending conferences, reading industry blogs, or enrolling in online courses. Not only will staying current increase your chances of success as a front end developer, but it will also keep you motivated and engaged in your work.

Skills Required to Become a Front end Developer

These are the most important skills required to become a frontend developer, but the field is constantly evolving, so it’s important to learn and improve continuously.

  • HTML/CSS: A strong understanding of HTML and CSS is crucial for building the structure and design of a website.
  • CSS preprocessors: Knowledge of CSS preprocessors such as SASS or LESS can help streamline the CSS writing process and make it easier to maintain.
  • JavaScript: JavaScript is a must-have skill for adding interactivity to a website.
  • Frameworks and libraries: Knowledge of popular frontend frameworks such as React, Angular, or Vue.js can greatly enhance a developer’s abilities and efficiency.
  • Responsive designing: With the increasing use of mobile devices, a front end developer needs to understand how to build websites that look and work well on various screen sizes.
  • Version control: Knowledge of version control systems such as Git is crucial for collaborating with other developers and keeping track of code changes.
  • Cross-browser compatibility: Understanding how to ensure that websites look and work consistently across different browsers is important.
  • Performance optimization: Front-end developers need to understand how to optimize the performance of a website for fast loading speeds and smooth user experience.
  • Testing and debugging: The ability to test and debug code is essential for ensuring that websites are functioning correctly.
  • Accessibility: Front-end developers must understand how to make websites accessible to users with disabilities.

How to Become a Front-End Developer – FAQs

How long does it take to become a front-end developer?

Becoming a front-end developer can take anywhere from 6 months to a year with full-time study and practice. However, this timeline can vary depending on your previous experience, the time you’re able to dedicate to studying and practicing, and the resources available to you. 

What is the average front end developer salary?

In the United States, The average salary for a Front End Developer in the US is $109,137. The average additional cash compensation for a Front End Developer in the US is $11,525. The average total compensation for a Front End Developer in the US is $120,662.


By now, you should have a solid understanding of what front-end development is, how to become a front-end developer, what skills you need, and what kind of salary you can expect.

Whether you’re just starting out or looking to switch careers, the field of front-end development is always growing and changing, making it a fascinating and rewarding career choice.

So, what are you waiting for? Start learning today! Invest in yourself and your future by enrolling in courses, finding a mentor, or simply diving into the world of HTML, CSS, and JavaScript. The opportunities are endless, and the world of front-end development is waiting for you.

Bootcamps can be a great option for individuals looking to quickly develop skills in a specific area, such as front-end development. While courses can provide a solid foundation, bootcamps often offer a more intensive and immersive learning experience, with a structured curriculum and a supportive community of peers and mentors.

Take the first step today, and who knows, you could be the next big thing in the world of front-end development!